What is IPE?
Interprofessional Education (IPE) “occurs when two or more [health] professions learn with, from, and about each other to improve collaboration and the quality of care."1
Why IPE? Why Now?
Teamwork and collaborative practice have been part of healthcare for nearly 50 years. However, in the early 2000s, the Institute of Medicine, now the National Academy of Medicine, released three critical reports that focused on patient safety and medical errors that can be avoided through improved communication and collaboration among health professionals, and called for broad change in health professions education. Additionally, in 2008, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement proposed their strategic framework known as the Triple Aim: improved care for individuals, better health for populations, and reduced per capita health care costs (Berwick, Nolan, & Whittington, 2008). These reports are particularly salient because medical errors are the third leading cause of death in the US (Makary & Daniel, 2016) and health care as a percentage of total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is expected to rise from 17.5 in 2014 to 20.1 by 2025 (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, 2016). Other efforts to accelerate health education change include the release in 2011 (and updated in 2016) of the Interprofessional Education Collaborative’s nationally recognized four core competencies that are gaining traction with accreditors: values and ethics, roles and responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams and teamwork (Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 2016) , reports are important in that It has been broadly reported that most medical errors can be avoided through improved communication and collaboration among health professionals (Institute of Medicine (U.S.), 2001).
- World Health Organization, Department of Human Resources for Health. Framework for Action on Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2010.