Background and Scope
The Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas (CPRIT) was made possible by Proposition 15, approved by Texas voters in 2007, and established by passage of House Bill 14 that same year. The language of House Bill 14 spells out the institute's purpose:
CPRIT is charged by the Texas Legislature to:
- "Create and expedite innovation in the area of cancer research, thereby enhancing the potential for a medical or scientific breakthrough in the prevention of cancer and cures for cancer;
- "Attract, create, or expand research capabilities of public or private institutions of higher education and other public or private entities that will promote a substantial increase in cancer research and in the creation of high-quality new jobs in this state; and
- "Continue to develop and implement the Texas Cancer Plan."
Toward achieving these goals, CPRIT may make grants to public and private persons, to institutions of learning, and to advanced medical research facilities for:
- Research into the causes of and cures for all types of cancer in humans;
- Facilities for use in research into the causes of and cures for cancer;
- Research, including translational research, to develop therapies, protocols, medical pharmaceuticals, or procedures for the cure or substantial mitigation of all types of cancer in humans; and
- Cancer prevention and control programs in this state to mitigate the incidence of all types of cancer in humans.
House Bill 14 Funding Priorities
- To lead to medical and scientific breakthroughs in the area of cancer;
- To enhance fundamental science in cancer research;
- To ensure a comprehensive approach to cancer research;
- To ensure interdisciplinary approaches;
- To address federal or other research sponsors' priorities in emerging technology;
- To match funds by a private or nonprofit entity;
- To facilitate collaborative combinations of private and nonprofit entities, public or private agencies or institutions both in and outside this state;
- To demonstrate economic development benefit to Texas;
- To enhance research superiority in Texas by creating new research, attracting existing research from institutions not located in this state, or enhancing superiority by attracting from outside this state additional researchers and resources;
- To expedite commercialization, attract, create, or expand private sector entities that will drive a substantial increase in high-quality jobs, and increase higher education applied science or technology research capabilities.